There is a critical relationship between security and development for building a peaceful and sustainable world. Security is often seen as a pre-requisite for sustained development; however, development plays an equally important role in sustained peace and security.
Many threats to security have socioeconomic foundations, and poor socioeconomic outcomes can exacerbate tensions in a state, resulting in insecurity and fragility. Likewise, threats to security such as conflict can undermine development programmes and reverse human development progress.
NGOs and many non-state actors advocate the need to understand the root causes of insecurity at local, national, and regional level. The human security approach broadens the concept of security and security analysis past the state to the people within its borders in order to assess and address these root causes.
Human security has three fundamental components, the freedom from fear, the freedom from want, and the freedom to live in dignity. It is an important objective of development as it assesses threats to people’s survival, livelihoods, and dignity, and takes action against these threats before they can undermine human development.
The human security approach remains a crucial element of development in our changing global context. Global threats such as intensified conflict and the effects of climate change are drawing states attention back towards their boarders and away from the people most affected. Often development, human rights, and human dignity are forgotten when they need to be most protected.
The security of a state rests on the security of its citizens. The critical relationship between security and human development for restoring peace and stability throughout the world has been recognised by development NGO’s and humanitarian actors, often working closely side-by-side in fragile and conflict affected states. This work needs to be supported by states if we are to build a peaceful and sustainable world.
- Dóchas 'Emergencies: NGOs Helping People Back from the Brink; (2010)
- Dóchas 'Making Human Rights a Reality' (2009)
- Dóchas 'What Happened to Human Security' (2007)
- Dóchas 'The EU, HIV / AIDS and Human Security' (2005)
- Dóchas 'Human Security: Placing Development at the Heart of the EU's External Relations' (2004)
Government and Multilateral Publications
- UNDP Human Development Report 'New Dimensions of Human Security' (1994)
- UN Trust Fund for Human Security: 'Human Security in Theory and Practice' (2009)
- UNDP 'Human Security: A Thematic Guidance Note for Regional and National Human Development Report Teams' (2013)
- Improving the Relationship Between Security and Development (2018)
- Development Policy Forum 'Development and Security: Investing in People, Peace, and Prosperity' (2017)
- ODI Blog Series 'What role for security in development progress?'