Much of the debate in Ireland around corruption focuses on developing countries and the risks for Irish development aid. This is based not only on genuine concern about the effectiveness of Irish aid efforts, but also on the mistaken idea that most corruption occurs in the context of development aid.
Corruption is, indeed, an issue of concern to those who are committed to global justice. However, it is not just a development issue. Corruption occurs in all countries, where the mix of opportunity and inclination exists, especially in the interface between the private and public sector.
Where it exists, corruption destabilises democratic government, harms trade and investment, threatens the environment and encourages the abuse of human rights. It impinges on basic social services and threatens the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
In short, corruption hits the poor especially, and should therefore be tackled. The best way to do this is by strengthening formal and informal checks and balances, promoting accountability and enforcing legislation.
The resources below provide further information on how Corruption affects poor people, and what Irish NGOs are doing to combat it.
- Corruption: A Threat to Development
- Myths and Facts about Corruption
- Dóchas Resource Document on tackling Corruption – 2007
- OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in international Business Transactions
- Developing an NGO Corruption Risk Management System: Considerations for donors (U4)
- A Manager’s Guide to Anti-Corruption Strategies (AusAID)
- Countering NGO Corruption – Rethinking the Conventional Approaches
- Tackling Bribery and Corruption (Anti-corruption website)
- Does Foreign Aid Corrupt?
- Seven Initiatives to Combat Corruption in Development
- Irish Aid Statement on OECD Foreign Bribery Convention
- NGO Corruption Fighters’ Handbook
- USAID Handbook on Fighting Corruption
- Poverty, Aid and Corruption in Humanitarian Action – June 2007
- Mapping the Risks of Corruption in Humanitarian Action
- New Tool for EuropeAid to Fight Corruption
Public Debate in Ireland
- “Aid is not best way to help Africa Progress”, Irish Times, March 2008
- “Aid and Progress in Africa”, Irish Times, March 2008
- “We cannot “deliver” development from outside”, Irish Times – March 2008
- Irish Times debate on Aid & Corruption – January 2008
- Irish Tmes debate on Aid & Corruption – June- July 2007
- Irish Times debate on Aid & Corruption – December 2007
- Dóchas letter to the Irish Times – December 2007